From milk food to solid food - that's a big new step for both mother and baby. He makes two fun, Urbia has put together for you here the answers to the ten questions about Beikoststart.

When to start and what porridge?

Important questions Beikoststart

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1. What is complementary feeding?

Under complementary foods is any form of baby food other than breast milk and infant industrial milk.

2. When is my baby ready for solid food?

Babies are so very different, some are interested in already four or five months for the spoon and what is on others only with a three-quarter years. Basically, it is recommended that at least four months to fully breastfeed the baby and to start no earlier than the beginning of the fifth month of life with complementary foods. If it is not resolved or is to be started for other reasons formerly with complementary foods, it is also possible at the earliest from the fifth month of life.

3. What meal is replaced first?

Experience has shown that it is best to replace first the midday meal slowly. The baby should reasonably rested and a little, but not be overly hungry.

4. Baby-based foods: When threatening constipation, diarrhea & Co

Many babies like carrot puree because it tastes slightly sweet and is usually well tolerated. In some babies, however, carrot lead to constipation. are well suited as recommended by the Dortmund Research Institute of Child Nutrition for the start and fennel, kohlrabi, zucchini, cauliflower, broccoli, parsnips and pumpkin. Rule of thumb: introduce and test at least a week as it can be tolerated before the next ingredient to come (sign of intolerance can be: soreness, pimples, diarrhea, constipation for more than four days) Only one new food. , First, start with Möhrenbrei, then after at least one week to add mashed potato finally after another week to meat and again after one week a little cooking oil (canola oil, sunflower oil): For the first vegetable puree that means for example. When the porridge even cooked, the organic products should originate. It is practical, pre-cook a larger portion and filled into the ice cube tray and freeze. How you win to start without much effort small portions for each day.

5. How can my baby to eat from a spoon?

The baby should be fit and hungry, but not overly hungry. There has been very hungry, it has proven to breastfeed initially a bit before the first one (preferably soft, slightly flexible) Plastiklöffelchen with a little warm, cooked and finely pureed vegetables are offered (make the spoon at best only at most half full) , Often the first reaction of the baby in it to postpone the porridge with his tongue out of his mouth. This does not mean that it does not taste good, but the baby just do not know yet what it unknown to the "stuff" to start. In the first few times perhaps absolutely no porridge finds its way into baby's stomach, but it is more likely to be a reciprocal attachment of the slurry from the spoon into his mouth and his tongue out again. Often the little one after a short time enough of it and strives again to his chest (and must do it too!).

It says arming themselves with patience and tackle the whole thing without power or time pressure and so relaxed and playful as possible. After a week or two it works mostly better. Rejects the baby the spoon after two weeks still off completely, it is perhaps still too early for the Beikoststart. By the way: It is quite possible and absolutely no sign of a failure that the baby even after it has already learned quite well eat from a spoon, suddenly again wants only to his chest. Background can be for example a development step, perhaps an incipient cold or teething. yield to this need of the baby for a while can be very relieving and useful for both mother and child.

How much porridge and drink does my baby?

6. How much porridge should eat my baby?

Initially, the baby will take only one or a few spoonfuls of mashed potatoes to him. If it is so far used to the spoon, that it can be eating properly and tired of the complete lunch meal milk can be replaced by Breikost. The baby gets initially about 150 to 180 grams slurry which consists of approximately 100 grams of vegetables, 50 grams of potato, 10 grams of vegetable oil and two to three times weekly 20 grams cooked and pureed meat. The amount of slurry is gradually increased to 200 to 250 grams.

7. Insert the baby complementary foods: Does the baby now drinks?

At the beginning of Beikoststarts now it makes sense, the baby also offer bottled water (sparkling) or unsweetened tea after Breimahlzeit. This should be easily done on a regular basis to get used to the baby slowly these drinks. However, it is not a problem if the otherwise still breastfed or fed with bottle milk baby initially little or no drink it. The vegetable puree containing sufficient liquid. is not recommended strongly by midwives and Ernährungsexpteren of the gift of sweetened beverages as a "babytees" to buy. The Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE) writes: "Sugar additives are unnecessary. They promote the development of caries and early accustomed to the sweet taste. Declared they are for. B. as: fructose, glucose, glucose syrup, honey, maltodextrin, maltose, sucrose, and various syrups and syrups."

8. Does my baby while eating variety and spices?

For a long time was the motto, babies still need no variation. After new scientific evidence but it is certainly an advantage when babies already know many different vegetables. For as comparisons with France showed, this promotes the subsequent acceptance of many flavors and leads to more vegetable consumption in the other years of life. What babies but not require, spices and flavor enhancers are. The FKE is recommended if ready-baby food is given to choose products "reasonably free from flavoring ingredients such as spices, nuts, chocolate, cocoa, flavors" are. Because first potential allergy triggers can be avoided. And secondly babies have such a fine sense of taste that they do not require strong taste stimuli.

9. Are there porridges that are less desirable?

Not well tolerated by babies stomach are raw, cruciferous vegetables such as white or red cabbage and legumes, such as peas, lentils and beans. Tomatoes are also to enjoy first with caution, as they often lead to a sore butt. the recommendations for children from families with allergies has changed. While it was long, foods such as cow's milk, egg, fish, citrus fruits, nuts, wheat and celery are considered allergenic and should be (at best only a year) established in allergic families as late as possible, so new findings have shown that there may be even after completion of the fourth month may be conducive to the prevention of allergies to be exposed gradually many substances. In the current recommendations of FKE therefore states: "For the period after the exclusive milk diet, there are no scientific studies that demonstrate the value of low-allergen diet."

10. What happens next?

After the lunch meal progressively more meals are replaced. Boil For example, 20 grams of whole grain rolled oats in 90 ml of water and swell and stirring, 100 grams of pureed fruits (apple, pear or banana) about next the afternoon meal by a milk-free fruit porridge.

Then, the evening meal is replaced by a Milchgetreidebrei. For example, 20 grams of whole grain cereal (e.g., oatmeal) briefly boil in 200 ml of whole milk, human milk or infant milk and swell. Whole milk should not be given from the introduction of the Milchgetreidebreis, but should only be checked if the child tolerates this, the Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund. A disadvantage of cow's milk by the way: First, it is a poor source of iron, secondly, it even inhibits the absorption of iron in the blood. Therefore, the European Society for Nutrition recommends (ESPGHAN), instead preferring to give cow's milk before the age of the iron-fortified infant milk bottles.

Tip for keyword gluten: Cereals, such as oats, wheat and rye contain an adhesive protein called gluten, which some persons are intolerant. Babies should not be up to seven months before preserved according to the latest recommendations, to take cereals containing gluten to himself. But now the recommendation of the FKE is: gluten-containing complementary foods may be introduced in small amounts, preferably as long as the baby is still breastfeeding. Those who wish can prepare the Nachmittagsgetreideobstbrei or Abendmilchgetreidebrei for example, with rice flakes (containing no gluten).

The morning milk meal is usually maintained for the longest time as such and possibly breast milk eventually replaced by a bottle, but it can of course in the morning a porridge are given. However, the Research Institute of Child Nutrition recommends in the first year of life per day not more than 200ml Vollmlich (ie a slurry or a vial) to give and prepare other meals with breast milk or infant formula.