During pregnancy, many women of a brilliant and unusually full head of hair delight. The baby then in the world, unfortunately, often the opposite happens. Suddenly, the hair appear dull and matte or even fall out in clumps. As comes to hair loss? And what can you do about it?

Help! My hair fall out

Woman's hair brush

Photo: © iStockphoto.com / dundanim

That you can get pendulous breasts from breastfeeding, clearly, of which Sabine Riemer had heard something. And also that it costs a tooth pregnancy under certain circumstances. Before Baby Blues had forewarned them. Of course, without being asked. Even on flabby and episiotomy she had never been inside. And lucky - none of this has become a reality. Hair loss after the birth told her but none. Therefore Sabine was completely confused when her good three months after the birth of her daughter Lilly increased hair went out: "When I tried to rinse the tub after washing your hair, I got a real fright - all stuck my hair and clogged even the siphon! "she recalls. When then is still their brush after combing full of hair, and then still fall out loose hair, she's on alert. Is it because of breastfeeding? Maybe it's a deficiency? Or are the hormones to blame? With horror, she notes that she finds her hair everywhere, on her pillow, the food on the floor and their shells. She tugs and collects and catches herself as constantly reaches into her hair to check whether again which are loose and can be pulled out. It loses not only hair but also your nerves. "I had the feeling that my hair suddenly were everywhere," Sabine says in retrospect, "but fewer and fewer where they belong - on my head"

Root of the problem: estrogen level drops

Sabine is not the only woman who multiplies out scalp hair after giving birth. All new mothers are affected by the so-called postpartum effluvium (postpartum = after birth effluvium = increased hair loss), a form of diffuse hair loss. So experts call the process when the hair evenly distributed over the entire head out. In the one that is more in the other less hair. This is normal after birth. Why? During pregnancy more hair (about 95 percent) held as usual (about 85-90 percent) in the growth phase by the estrogen boost. That's why pregnant women are usually also so nice, thick and shiny hair. After giving birth, estrogen levels decrease abruptly and sends increased hair in the resting phase, at the end they fail after about three months. This shedding is perceived differently by every woman, depending on the hair structure and -fülle. Not all mothers suffer or why worry.

"Some react with panic," says the dermatologist Dr. Uwe Schwichtenberg from experience. "They are mostly highly disturbed and see themselves threatened in their personality." Professor Dr. Henning Hamm, senior physician at the Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology at the University Hospital Würzburg, explains why: "There is hardly anything that women are more concerned than hair loss. The affected women are afraid that they run out all the hair and that they are getting bald. They think the state amounts to a wig "For hair for most women far more than just a" natural renewable resource "- they are a reflection of their subjective health status and act accordingly heavily on the mental well being. "With the deterioration of the hair state fears, insecurities and depressive moods are often associated" can Nils Krüger, a research associate at the University of Hamburg, specializing in cosmetic science to confirm and to explain how this affects the quality of life: "In practice, this often means loss of self-confidence, fear of aggravation and loss of attractiveness, fear of rejection and ridicule. "

Hair loss stops by itself

But do not panic! "It is not possible for a woman by a postpartum effluvium lose all the hair," says Dr. Schwichtenberg. For the latest after six months, or about nine months after birth, the condition of having completely normalized alone again. The assumption that stress is a trigger for hair loss in question is, according to Professor Hamm not well documented. "This is much more often assumed than is actually the case." Whether there are shampoos, conditioners, vitamins, strengthen the hair and can strengthen the roots, we want to know? "Most people consider a scientific review was not" the hair specialist. The only thing that helps during the shedding season, so his colleague Schwichtenberg: "Patience! The fact that just grow a lot of hair, it unfortunately does not immediately. "Because hair grows about 0.2 to 0.5 millimeters a day, makes one to two centimeters a month.


lasts longer if the hair loss

If the diffuse hair loss is particularly strong, lasts more than six months after the birth or affected women worry and are unsure of a dermatologist should always be consulted. They are experts when it comes to hair, and some even offer a special hair consultation to get the cause of the persistent diffuse hair loss on the track. Because there are many. Just after pregnancy and lactation can cause nutritional deficiency of protein, vitamins and trace elements such as zinc and iron. Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes and is best seen at a reduced iron stores value should always be investigated. Also a diet to get rid of annoying pounds after childbirth can cause hair loss. Stopping the pill, which may had an impact on the hormonal balance and therefore on hair growth before pregnancy, is also contemplated. Furthermore, an infectious disease, thyroid dysfunction and inflammation of the scalp may be responsible for a diffuse hair loss. Rarely stuck even malignant diseases beyond. Either way, the faster the cause is found, the sooner you can start with the therapy - and the sooner the hair can sprout again.

Hair well - all good

Basically our hair are nothing more than lifeless horn threads that are to protect our scalp from sun. A mixture of keratin, sulfur, water and fat. Approximately 100,000 units, each of us on the head. That every person loses up to one hundred hairs a day, has already got around at most. This of course applies only to those with fully hairy heads. Then there is "up there" a lot of activity, rest and growth phases alternate, whether blonde, brunette, black or red, smooth, curly, long or short. A constant coming and going, sometimes through thick and thin, in the truest sense: hair can signal us if everything is fine in our interior. "Press hair psychic experience and desire, but also illness and well being and to desirable characteristics of one's personality to stress," said Nils Krüger. "They are an important non-verbal key attraction of impression formation and also for self-presentation is very important." A study by Reinhold Berger on this issue revealed four different types of communication for women: the individual who uses her hair as decoration and means of expression of their personality, the sympathetic, which would radiate with her hair a sense of order and generate sympathy Female who understands her hair as a sign of their femininity and sexuality and does not understand the natural, which would be free of decorative appearances and her hair as a carrier of personality traits. Sabine spontaneously opts for type two, the order of lovers. After a dermatologist she has informed about "postpartum effluvium" and she was so calm, the chaos has placed first in her head, and after about four months on its head by itself. Hairvorragend.

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