Children whose perception is disturbed, fall on you squirm, stumble, are irritable and do not hear properly. In this article it comes to detect cognitive disorders and promote properly affected children in everyday life.

Perception disorders in children: affected 15 percent

Young poised tree trunk

Photo: © Panther Media, Nicole Effinger

"Pssst, children, please be quiet, otherwise I can not read!" The teacher in the kindergarten class takes a stern look around the room and it is quiet in the room. It continues with the tale of the Frog Prince. But after a minute, the murmur is in the circle of chairs again: giggle Several children, whispering and gossiping with each other. In the middle of the story asks the five-year Manuel suddenly: "Why the frog hopped on the fish?" - "On the table, Manuel, not the fish!" The other children laugh loudly off and Manuel begins to relocate herumzukaspern. No one pays more attention to the story. The teacher sighs and folds the fairy tale book.

Once again, the teacher comes to ponder, because it is not the first time that you at Manuel unusual behaviors notice: what he is told, he seems mostly wrong or impossible to understand. He often does not respond when asked - not even when you praise him. What may just be behind it?

To answer the question first: There is a perception disorder - more specifically, a disorder of the auditory perception - does that create Manuel. General perception occur disturbances in about 15 percent of all children, Boys are more commonly affected than girls. But it can be difficult to detect such disorders as children are usually very anxious to divert attention from their shortcomings - for example, like Manuel, by Clowning Around.

Parents and educators should be very attentive and monitor the development of each child exactly. For this is important to know: What is perception in general and how to recognize cognitive impairment? And above all: What can you do to help a child in time involved?

What is perception?

Perception is the reception of stimuli by the sense organs and their Processing in the brain. The seven senses (sensory organs) are: the sense of sight (eyes), the sense of hearing (ears), the sense of smell (nose), the sense of taste (tongue), the skin or touch (skin) and the muscle and position sense, which together with the sense of balance decisively influences the body awareness and movement.

Already in newborn babies are all these senses more or less well educated, but they must be further differentiated in the course of the first years of life. Not only that, they also need to learn to work together optimally to different sensations always better to "sense-full" all link. Only then can a child can develop healthy and develop essential skills: the thinking, learning, speaking and behavior up to the body skill and coordinated movement.

detect cognitive impairment

Generally speaking, perception disorders are expressed through a variety of features - here are some examples:

  • A failure in the auditory perception the child has difficulty understanding things heard correctly and classify, and therefore often does not respond adequately.
  • A disturbance of visual perception can cause among other things that a child can not properly assess distances and has difficulty with spatial orientation.
  • Any failures in gross and fine motor, the child is to clumsy and awkward, such as the three-cycling or everyday tasks such as tying shoes and buttoning clothes.
  • If the perception of the skin is disturbed, the child can be very insulated and sensitive to pain, often resists even caresses vehemently.
  • In a hypersensitive sense of balance, the child avoids all movements that stimulate the balance: swings, climbing, balancing.
  • Last but not least go perceptual disturbances often accompanied by difficulty concentrating and behavioral problems.

On suspicion of cognitive impairment, parents should their child necessarily medical exam to let. It's best to contact your pediatrician or a neurologist, who can issue them the prescription for an optionally upcoming therapy (for example, occupational therapy or physiotherapy).

Shows a child significant behavioral problems, parents often turn a first to a Education Counseling Center. This too is highly recommended, because there you get not only a solid educational guidance for everyday life, but possibly also evidence of meaningful therapeutic and funding opportunities.

The third very important way to recognize cognitive impairment as early as possible, parents should seek a dialogue with the teachers in kindergarten. Because often to express perceptual disturbances at home in a very different group situation. A failure in the auditory perception, for example, the background noise in kindergarten plays an important role. The child in question is no longer to include specific information in a position at a certain noise level, because it can not hide the background noise. The result: It does not understand what is said and therefore can not respond appropriately. At home it's different. There you have neither the noise level of a large group still have to drown him about a group room away, but can address the child directly. To fall on one's understanding of the child's difficulties less.

change perspective

In order not to frustrate an affected child by unreasonable accusations, but instead raise more understanding his situation, parents and educators should even try to put yourself in his shoes. For example, with this little experiment that a Disruption of auditory perception recreate help: Imagine a pair of ear plugs plugged into his ears, trying to participate in a larger group of people in a conversation. That might be difficult because not arrive clear individual information by the noise in the round. In any case, it takes a lot of concentration and is therefore extremely tiring in the long run - a situation that constantly have to fight with the affected children.

Another attempt to deal with in a child fine motor difficulties empathize: Man stuck two fingers on each hand with tape together (on the one hand index and middle fingers, on the other middle and ring fingers) and then tried to make something pretty. Anyone who has struggled this way for some time with paper, scissors and glue - probably without much success - the next time will certainly think more before he says to his child: "A bit more effort could you ever give!"

Learning with all your senses: encourage the daily living

What can parents now - in addition to a professional promotion - themselves do to promote the perception of their child specifically and to support its healthy development?

As a first option, the staff offers in normal everyday life. parents should rather than relying only on comfortable Appliances their child consciously small activities use: mix a dough, sweep the floor, dry dishes - these are all tasks that have to help the little ones and give them the nice feeling to make something valuable. By the way, perception and skill to be trained in a variety of ways.

but promise special fun Creative Educational games for home, as well as perception games in kindergarten that can learn with all their senses and motivate not only small but also older children to participate. Here some examples:

  • Cold, warmer, hot: listen carefully and look closely are the two prerequisites to be successful in this game. The child is sent out of the room and the mother or father hiding an object in space, such as a toy car. If the child comes in, it's starting to look for. Is it still far from hiding, says the adults "cold", it rotates in the direction of the hiding place, he says "lukewarm", and the closer the child is, the more often the adult repeats the words "warmer". If the child is very close to the hiding place, calling the adult "hot" - and immediately the object is found! This game trains the auditory and visual perception alike.
  • Back Image: The child sits on the floor and did have a thin, about 50 centimeters long rope in front of him. The adult kneels behind him and paints with his index finger a simple figure on his back, for example, a six or a triangle. The child should try nachzulegen the figure with the rope. This game trains the skin sense and gives valuable tracer experiences.
  • Muscles: You fill two equal opaque containers with different materials and place them in both hands the child. The child should weigh as with a beam balance, which side is heavier. After that, the assessments are reviewed with a real scale. This experiment practices the muscle and position sense.
  • Balancierparcours: On the floor different material (adhesive tapes, boards, thick ropes, benches, wooden boxes, wooden discs) is designed so that a generous trail is created that contains both straights and wide curves. In this course, the child can train his balance and his body coordination.

These and many other ideas, experiments and games, but also evidence of professional therapy and funding opportunities for children with cognitive problems including the parents' guide:

Rita Steininger children learn with all sense perception in everyday life velcro foster-Cotta, 2005