Birth Weight: 13 interesting facts
The baby's birth weight is one of the first, what proud parents proclaim everywhere and even print on birth announcements. And with good reason. Because with the birth weight, we combine health and vitality. Read here interesting facts about baby's birth weight.
How heavy is the average German baby?
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According to a WHO study in January 2017, the German average baby weighs 3,480 grams and is therefore in an international comparison in second place. bring the greatest weight by the way babies in Norway with an average of 3575 grams on the scale.
Why are German babies at birth 500 grams heavier than Indian?
"This result was surprising and the causes of the differences in weight are not fully understood"Explains Dr. Anke Diemert, senior physician at the Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine at the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, which was involved as a German center in the study. Because so far it was assumed that children can grow up in similar good growth conditions also the same.
How much weighed the German record baby?
In Leipzig, a female baby with a birth weight of 6,110 grams and a size of 57.5 cm was delivered naturally in July 2013, 2011 in the Berlin Charité a 6,080 grams heavier boy named Jihad.
What influences the birth weight?
The genes play a larger role than previously thought. This resulted in a study by the University of Exeter in 2016, in which 153,781 people were analyzed. Until then, the reasons have been sought as a low birth weight, especially in the mother. In addition to the genes are, according to Dr. Anke Diemert, also these three factors (in healthy mothers) have an impact on birth weight: "The duration of the pregnancy, the mother's age, whether it is their first or second child and the sex of the child." And of course, the birth weight depends on how good is supplied via the placenta and the baby as the mother feeds during pregnancy.
The more the mother increases during pregnancy, the harder the baby?
Yes, especially in women with gestational diabetes, sometimes even with a healthy mother, there is this connection. "But it is not always true"Says Dr. Christine Klapp, senior physician in the birth of medicine at the Charité in Berlin. "If a mother increases a lot, but the placenta plant nutrition and perfusion is unfavorable, it may happen that bring very heavy Pregnant very light children."
Reducing, increasing the birth weight?
Sometimes the placenta delivers less oxygen and nutrients, then the baby can not thrive. Therefore, a high blood pressure of the mother can be, for example. A study by the Universities of Exeter and Bristol from 2016 showed: Any increase in systolic value by 10 mm Hg resulted in a decrease in birth weight by 150 to 200 grams. It is also known that cigarettes, but also coffee lower the birth weight. According to a study from the year 2013, the birth weight of the baby, the more coffee (or other caffeine drinks) decreases the expectant mom drinks daily. Therefore, WHO recommends to take a day not more than 300 mg of caffeine (three cups of coffee). "If a pregnant woman eats not good, it can result in a shortage situation. And this can of course also affect the child"Explains Dr. Christine Klapp: "For example, if strict vegans mothers, no or not enough are taking dietary supplements that are important - such as iron and vitamin B12." 7-8 percent of women develop diabetes with pregnancy, and is often a particularly high birth weight and the "giant baby described repeatedly in the media" responsible.
What is considered high, what is considered low birth weight?
A weight below 3000 grams is considered to be low, about 4000 grams of as high birth weight.
Heavy, large master = large, heavy children?
Yes, the probability is higher, and that's genetic. "When I see great and (not too) heavy parents, the placenta works well and they are otherwise healthy and eat sensibly, then there come no tiny creatures"Says Dr. Christine Klapp. "But when it comes to extremes, then this can be reversed"Says Anke Diemert: "Very heavy mothers have more of the problem is that the children do not grow as well and then get softer children."
Is there an ideal birth weight?
A favorable birth weight is between 3000 and 4000 grams.
The heavier the baby, the more difficult the birth?
Yes and no, the birth doctors say yes, because with a very heavy baby's risk of birth trauma of mother and child increase. The problem is, for example - which is not unusual in diabetes - when the baby's belly is larger than the head.
No, because the birth process depends not only on the baby, but also by the physical condition of the mother - for a very small, slender woman, a child of 3.700g to careful application may result from so-called "relative mismatch." and birth arrest and then a necessary cesarean section. While a woman who gave birth to normal with 4.000g have one or more children, probably will not have a problem even with the birth of a child 4.400g. But that also depends, inter alia, on the proportions and the position of the child.
Is it true that second babies weigh more than the first? Why?
Yes, it's right. It is believed that the body then is the first pregnancy ago already in practice. Dr. Anke Diemert: "Everything is just ever played through and well prepared. And a woman who has more successfully discharges than once a pregnancy probably a well-functioning uterus." This means a better uterine perfusion (blood flow) and more favorable condition for implantation at the beginning of pregnancy.
Why do babies from after birth?
Up to 10 percent of their weight lose babies in the first three to four days of life. "The child must be so totally change, according to the" all-inclusive"Supply of electricity in the womb. Now it has to eat, swallow and digest itself. And breast milk is there even from day one in masses"Christine folding explains the temporary diet. But "the babies are very well prepared for the first days of life. They have for the so-called brown adipose tissue, which provides its sugar reserves for the first time ready"Adds Anke Diemert.
Heavy baby, big brain?
If the head circumference is greater, then the brain is a little bigger, but that does not mean that the corresponding function better and the baby then is smarter.
Tip: Dr. Christine Klapp, senior physician in obstetrics at the Berlin Charite, where there is a special consultation for mothers with diabetes should consult a gynecological or nutritional medical advice before pregnancy, women who want children with significant obesity or special diet (eg vegan): "So you can get potential risks in the run-up well under control"Says the doctor.